Why Students Forget and How to Prevent it from Happening
Research in this area has pointed to several techniques that can help students remember information. Spacing out the study of a topic and self-testing and other exercises that retrieve information, often in small chunks, are the most effective. Here are the approaches that were used:
- Practice testing - Self-testing or taking practice tests covering material that has been covered.
- Distributed practice - Implementing a schedule of practice on certain topics that spreads out study activities over time.
- Elaborative interrogation - Asking students to provide an explanation for why a fact or concept is true.
- Self-explanation - Explaining how new information is related to known information, or explaining steps taken during problem solving.
- Summarization - Writing summaries of presented information.
- Highlighting/underlining - Marking potentially important portions of materials while reading.
- Keyword mnemonic - Using keywords and mental imagery to associate verbal materials.
- Imagery for text - Attempting to form mental images of text materials while reading or listening.
- Rereading - Restudying text material again after an initial reading.